Biden’s oil reserves sale yet to inspire action from others

Singapore/Bengaluru | It’s been almost three weeks since the US unveiled an internationally coordinated release of oil from national reserves, but so far there’s been little follow-through from the other five nations.

President Joe Biden said on November 23 that the US would release 50 million barrels of crude from its Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) in “the next several months”. The unprecedented move would be done in parallel with China, Japan, South Korea, India and the UK, he said.

While the US has granted its first release of SPR oil to Exxon Mobil, and intends to issue another sale notice for 18 million barrels this week, there’s been radio silence from the other participants. That’s starting to prompt some scepticism in the market about whether they’ll go ahead at all, particularly after the omicron virus variant led to a sharp drop in global prices.

The Asian nations’ participation in what looks like a buyers’ cartel puts them in a tough spot, said John Driscoll, chief strategist at JTD Energy Services.

“They can’t afford to jeopardise their relationships with major producers to satisfy a US President who’ll be up for re-election in a few years,” he said. They may also “be reluctant to tap into their reserves ahead of peak winter demand, when supply disruptions can lead to major issues”, Mr Driscoll added.

The joint release was unprecedented, given that there was no supply shock, and followed weeks of intensive lobbying by Mr Biden after the OPEC+ alliance rebuffed calls to increase supply faster. It contributed to a decline in prices leading up to the announcement, but many in the market were underwhelmed by the volumes that the countries other than the US pledged to release.

India was the only Asian nation that was definitive on volume, pledging to release 5 million barrels, although questions remain on timing. The head of Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves said early this month that he was still waiting for advice from the government on how and when to sell the crude.

Japan has given no details on volumes or timing, although the Nikkei newspaper reported last month the country would release around 4.2 million barrels. South Korea said on November 23 that it would decide on details such as volume and timing after discussing with partner countries, but indicated it would be about 3.5 million barrels.

China has been somewhat ambiguous, with Beijing not wanting to look like it was following the US. It said in November that it was working on a sale of oil from its reserves, just days after a virtual summit between Mr Biden and President Xi Jinping. A Western official familiar with the matter initially said the Chinese could sell between 7 million and 15 million barrels. There have been no official announcements since.

A UK government spokesperson, meanwhile, said companies could choose to participate in the joint release if they wish. If all contribute, it would result in the equivalent of 1.5 million barrels being sold, the spokesperson said.

The White House referred to a November 29 briefing at which Press Secretary Jen Psaki said the US was encouraging any country, including China, to be “as transparent as possible in any of their policy manoeuvres”, when asked about other nations releasing reserves.

The sharp omicron-driven drop in crude prices at the end of November may have reduced the urgency to act quickly. However, more than half of that plunge has now been recouped on signs the new variant may not be as bad as initially thought.

Global benchmark Brent continued its relief rally on Monday, rising around 1 per cent after gaining more than 7 per cent last week.


Extracted fro AFR

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