Three sources familiar with BP’s thinking have revealed the fossil fuel major BP is preparing to sell a large section of its oil and gas assets even if crude prices bounce back from the COVID-19 crash because it wants to invest more in renewable energy.
The strategy was discussed at a BP executive meeting in July, the sources said, soon after the oil major lowered its long-term oil price forecast to US$55 a barrel, meaning that US$17.5 billion worth of its assets are no longer economically viable.
Reuters Newsagency reports even if crude prices bounce back to US$65-US$70 a barrel, BP is unlikely to put those assets back into its exploration plans and would instead use the better market conditions as an opportunity to sell them, the three sources said.
Major oil companies typically hold assets for the long term, even when crude prices plunge, with a view to start bringing more marginal production online when market conditions improve.
However, BP’s new divestment strategy, which has not previously been reported, means there will be no way back for the British energy company once it has offloaded its so-called stranded oil and gas assets.
Reuters reports BP did not respond to requests for comment.
The new strategy also sheds more light on chief executive Bernard Looney’s plan to reduce BP’s oil and gas production by 40 per cent, or at least one million barrels a day, by 2030 while expanding into renewable energy.
“It is a simple calculation of natural production decline and planned divestment,” said a BP source, explaining how BP became the first big oil company to pledge a large cut in its oil output.
For decades, BP and rivals such as Royal Dutch Shell and ExxonMobil have promised investors that production would continue to rise.
However, as climate activists, investors, banks and some governments raise pressure on the industry to reduce emissions to help cool the planet, European oil firms are changing tack and pledging to invest more in renewable energy sources.
United States rivals are under less government pressure and have not made similar commitments on renewable energy.
“As we look at the outlook for BP over the next few years and as we see production declining by 40 per cent it is clear we no longer need exploration to fund new growth,” Mr Looney said this week.
“We will not enter new countries to explore.”
He said BP would continue to explore for oil near its existing production infrastructure as those barrels would be low cost, and help boost BP’s cash flow to fund its transition to cleaner energy.
BP also raised its target this week for returns from asset sales to US$25 billion between 2020 and 2025, of which about US$12 billion has already been lined up.
It has yet to name the other assets it wants to sell.
Sources have previously told Reuters that BP has identified Canadian oil sands assets and projects in deep water off Angola as being uneconomical under its new oil price scenario.
One of the three sources said BP’s divestment targets could easily be exceeded if it sells most of its assets currently viewed as stranded.
Parul Chopra, analyst at Rystad Energy, said in addition to Angola, he expected BP to move out of Azerbaijan, Oman, the United Arab Emirates and Iraq.
BP is planning a 10-fold increase in investment in low carbon energy sources to about US$5 billion a year by 2030 and wants to deliver a 20-fold increase in renewables capacity to generate 50 gigawatts (GW) through new projects and acquisitions.
However, with debt of close to US$50 billion, BP will essentially be moving from one capital intensive business, oil, to another capital intensive business with lower margins, renewables.
At the moment, such a shift might be attractive to BP investors demanding the company move away from fossil fuels, but analysts say they should be prepared for lower margins.
Oil majors generally target a 12 per cent to 15 per cent return on their investments in oil.
BP has said it is aiming for a return of eight per cent to 12 per cent for renewables.
“Investors are pushing for a faster transition, but weak balance sheets mean the pivot is a challenge, leading companies to dismantle core businesses in order to facilitate the ramp up in capital spending,” said Biraj Borkhataria at RBC Capital Markets.
Mr Borkhataria said he expected BP to divest as much as 500,000 barrels a day of production while losing a similar amount through the natural decline in output from oilfields.
Extracted from Eco News